The Present Continuous
(also known as the Present Progressive)

The present continuous (or Present progressive)  is used to:

  • Describe what we are doing at the present  moment:

At this moment you are reading this text.

  • Refer to an event we have planned for a future moment:

I am going to Barcelona tomorrow
We are planning to go to Spain for our holidays

The Present continous is very easy to build. We make it using the present simple of ‘be’ + gerund (verb+ing):

Here is how we make the affirmative:


Positive Short Form

am reading

I‘m reading

you are reading

you‘re reading

he is reading

he‘s reading

she is reading

she‘s reading

it is  reading

it‘s reading

we are  reading

we‘re reading

they are reading

they‘re reading

We can make the negative by adding ‘not’:


Negative Short Form

am not sleeping

I‘m not sleeping

you are not running

you aren’t running

he is not reading

he isn’t reading

she is not singing

she isn’t singing

it is not raining

it isn’t raining

we are not eating

we aren’t eating

they are not listening

they aren’t listening

Questions are also very easy. All we do is to invert the position of the verb “be“, like in present simple, We place ‘am‘, ‘is‘, or ‘are‘ before the subject to make the question:

Yes / No Questions

am I drinking milk ?

are you studying?

is he sleeping ?

is she doing her homework ?

is it raining ?

are we meeting at six ?

are they coming ?

To make a question with “who, when, why, what or how, just put the question word at the front:


Why am I drinking milk ?

What are you studying ?

When is he working ?

What is she doing ?

Why is it raining ? 

Who are we meeting ?

How are they travelling ?

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